At its peak, there is a gap of 3million machines i

2022-09-23
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Within 3 years, the gap is 3million! After the replacement of the machine, there is no one to operate the machine

Abstract: the Ministry of education, the Ministry of human resources and social security and the Ministry of industry and information technology predicted in the "planning guide for the development of manufacturing talents" that by 2020, the talent gap in the field of high-end CNC machine tools and robots in China will reach 3million, and by 2025, the gap will further expand to 4.5 million

recently, the 2017 China robot industry development report released by the China Institute of Electronics showed that China has been the world's largest industrial robot application market for five consecutive years. "Xinhua viewpoint" survey found that many manufacturing enterprises are in trouble in recruiting robot front-line operating hours. Recently, I saw at job fairs in Guangdong, Fujian and Shandong that non main devices, non main control systems and non key stations are mainly used for large-scale engineering projects. Many jobs for robot maintenance, operation and programming are recruited, with monthly starting salaries ranging from 4000 yuan to 6000 yuan, as high as 20000 or 30000 yuan. Although it is "urgent recruitment" and "urgent recruitment", many enterprises still return empty handed

the "guidelines for the development of manufacturing talents" issued by the Ministry of education, the Ministry of human resources and social security and the Ministry of industry and information technology predicts that by 2020, the talent gap in China's high-end CNC machine tools and robots will reach 3million, and by 2025, the gap will further expand to 4.5 million

machine replacement is to replace an artificial person with a higher level of skills, who should be able to program, understand English and Japanese, etc.

"a worker broke a knife head worth 400000 yuan on the first day of work. The technical level of the workers can not meet the requirements of machines and enterprises, which has seriously hindered the development of enterprises." Dongguan Ensheng machinery and Mold Technology Co., Ltd. is a manufacturing factory specializing in precision manufacturing and ultra precision processing. In the past decade, Wu Bin, the general manager, has not been overwhelmed by technological upgrading, but now he is at a loss for recruitment

Jinjiang Longfeng textile company began to pilot machine replacement in 2011, and more than 2000 new equipment are automatic and intelligent equipment. "The operating equipment has a PC terminal, and the operating instructions have English. The operating workers should at least know some textile English words, be able to program, design, etc., and some need to know some Japanese." Wei Wei, deputy general manager of the company, sighed, "such workers are too difficult to recruit."

people from human resources administrative departments in Guangdong, Fujian, Shandong and other places told that at present, there has been an obvious structural shortage of skilled talents who can meet the development needs of "industry 4.0"

"replacing people with machines is not simply replacing people, but replacing people with higher skill levels." Wangxiwen, director of the Institute of industry 4.0 of the international economic and technological cooperation center of the Ministry of industry and information technology, believes that the scarcity of highly skilled workers has become a stumbling block in the transformation and upgrading of China's manufacturing industry

"I'd rather wear a suit and tie to sell than work in the workshop"

search the major mainstream recruitment stations with keywords such as "robot operation" and "robot engineer", and find that a large number of recruitment Posts hang for a long time

Su Hainan, vice president of the China Labor Association, believes that the process of improving labor skills is smoothly printed and shaped by the industrial environment, education system and salary system; At the same time, in the process of heat curing, the influence of department, social tradition and other aspects, "at present, the total number of qualified technicians is small, so it is not easy to recruit"

statistics show that at present, the professional and technical personnel of Enterprises above the scale of manufacturing industry in China account for less than 10% of the total human resources, especially among the talents of Enterprises above the scale of equipment manufacturing industry, only 2% of the total are highly skilled talents with graduate degrees

the survey found that on the one hand, highly skilled talents are scarce, on the other hand, some highly skilled talents have low willingness to join front-line positions. Wang Xiaofu, a fresh graduate of the Department of light textile engineering of Quanzhou Vocational College of light industry, told that many students would rather wear suits and ties to sell than enter the workshop as workers. They felt that although the workers were "able to earn some money" now, they had "no future" in the future

Wei Wei's enterprises have their own methods. "At the beginning, we will agree with them that new employees should start from the workshop, and there will be corresponding promotion channels according to their performance. Our enterprise has developed rapidly, and skilled workers can indeed achieve common development with the enterprise. However, some small-scale enterprises with narrow promotion channels may face the recruitment problem of highly skilled workers."

"everyone always has some preconceptions about entering the factory, but my current working environment and work content have explained that I am just another type of 'programmer', not sitting in the office with a large oil output of the oil return pipe and drawing on the computer, but writing code for high-end equipment." Yang Jitian, who just graduated from the "Sino German class" of Dongguan Technician College in July, said that he obtained a bachelor's degree and a German ihk vocational qualification certificate in the college

the starting salary of vocational school graduates is 6000 or 7000, and it is imperative to reform vocational education.

in order to cooperate with the strategic deployment of "made in China 2025", the relevant departments have set goals. By 2020, the proportion of manufacturing employees with higher education should reach 22%, and the proportion of highly skilled talents in skilled workers should reach about 28%

it is not easy to fill the relevant gap within three years. Many experts believe that optimizing and strengthening the training ability of vocational schools for highly skilled workers is the key. Su Hainan believes that the current educational methods and curriculum of most vocational colleges can not meet the needs of the "industry 4.0" era, and reform is imperative

Dongguan technician college has been cooperating with Germany, Britain and other countries and regions in running schools since 2013, localizing the German dual system and the British apprenticeship system, with the goal of making students' technical level reach the world level. According to Si Qi, director of Dongguan Human Resources Bureau, 116 graduates of the first Sino German class were snapped up in the competition of hundreds of enterprises, and the starting salary of students with international certification was as high as 6000 yuan to 7000 yuan

Wu Bin said after a tour in Dongguan technician college that the students trained by these new models "can stay and be used" and are favored by enterprises

Zhang Liyue, director of the Institute of vocational education of Zhejiang Normal University, believes that establishing a sense of belonging for young technicians is also an important part of expanding the population of highly skilled labor. Chen Xiaofeng, who came to Dongguan technician college after graduating from junior high school, has also obtained a bachelor's degree and a German ihk vocational qualification certificate. Now he is operating the most advanced discharge motor on the production line. "To operate these cutting-edge equipment, you must have a considerable cultural foundation. Some of the books and drawings I read are in foreign languages, and I must redouble my efforts. I want to reflect my life value in this post." Chen Xiaofeng said

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