Hottest cloud manufacturing promotes the transform

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Cloud manufacturing promotes the transformation and upgrading of manufacturing industry

as a new production mode, cloud manufacturing is the product of the application of big data, cloud computing, interconnection, intelligent manufacturing, IOT and other technologies in the field of industrial manufacturing and further expansion to circulation, consumption and other fields. In depth research and grasp the essence, main characteristics and implementation path of cloud manufacturing is the basis for the comprehensive development of cloud manufacturing and promoting China to move forward from a manufacturing power to a manufacturing power

the essence of cloud manufacturing is the deep integration of industrialization and informatization. Using Internet technology and Internet marketing mode to promote the deep integration of industrialization and informatization, develop intelligent manufacturing, and promote the upgrading of manufacturing industry, which is an important connotation of cloud manufacturing. Intelligent manufacturing is the concentrated embodiment of the high-end development of manufacturing industry, and it is also the core content of cloud manufacturing. At present, the United States, Germany and Japan are in the high-end position of the manufacturing industry, while China's manufacturing industry is still at the middle and low-end level on the whole. In order to realize the transformation from a large manufacturing country to a powerful manufacturing country, the development of intelligent manufacturing is a compulsory course. Although the core of cloud manufacturing is intelligent manufacturing, there is a certain difference between the two. The concept of intelligent manufacturing is mainly applicable to the field of measuring manufacturing from the perspective of transformation, and cloud manufacturing is the concept of large-scale manufacturing. It breaks through the field of manufacturing, extends from the field of manufacturing and sales, and reduces the weight of the car itself. It is a very reliable way to expand to the fields of use, service and so on. In other words, the extension of cloud manufacturing is broader than intelligent manufacturing

the main characteristics of cloud manufacturing are resource integration, industrial integration and customized production. The first feature of cloud manufacturing is resource integration and utilization. Restoring system settings is to restore the original settings of the computer before exiting the utilization program. Cloud manufacturing can concentrate scattered manufacturing resources (such as software, data, computing, processing, testing, etc.) to form a logically unified resource whole, improve resource utilization, and then break through the capacity limit of a single resource. The second feature of cloud manufacturing is that it can promote industrial integration, especially the integration of manufacturing and service industries. The Internet, IOT, cloud platform, etc. that cloud manufacturing relies on are helpful for enterprises to understand the sales and use of products, and to understand consumers' satisfaction with products; It is conducive for enterprises to adjust the structure and functions of products according to the wishes and needs of consumers, and provide timely and in place services, so as to promote the effective connection between production and market, production and consumption. Due to the organic combination of manufacturing and service, and the lengthening of the industrial chain, cloud manufacturing can promote the integrated development of manufacturing and service industries. The third feature of cloud manufacturing based on the verification data of experimental machines is personalized customized production. The traditional production mode is that enterprises decide the variety and quantity of products according to the results of market research, and products reach consumers through commercial channels. After the emergence of e-commerce mode, the communication barriers, space-time barriers and transaction barriers between producers and consumers can be eliminated, and C2B (consumer to enterprise) mode can be used to replace B2C (enterprise to consumer) mode. In cloud manufacturing, enterprises can carry out personalized customized production based on big data platform and flexible production. It is not difficult to see that with the help of big data, Internet and IOT, cloud manufacturing has realized the transformation from ordinary manufacturing to intelligent manufacturing, the extension from production field to service field, and the transformation from decentralized and inefficient resources to centralized and integrated resources. It is this kind of industrial integration and personalized customized production that subverts the traditional production, marketing and service mode. This is also the main difference between cloud manufacturing and ordinary industrial manufacturing

the key to developing cloud manufacturing lies in path selection. At present, the United States chooses to rely on the advantages of information technology to promote cloud manufacturing, with the support of Ge, IBM and other companies, and take the road of software connecting hardware; Germany chose to rely on manufacturing advantages to promote cloud manufacturing, led by Siemens, KUKA, sap and other companies, and take the road of hardware through software. In terms of intelligent manufacturing of cloud manufacturing, the path of the United States is to develop intelligent products first and then promote intelligent production. The path of Germany is to strengthen the intellectualization of production first and then realize the intellectualization of products. In terms of the current industrial development in China, we can choose to force the development of intelligent manufacturing and cloud manufacturing with the business model innovation of e-commerce; In terms of intelligent production and intelligent product selection of cloud manufacturing, we can first choose product intelligence as the development focus, and promote production intelligence with product intelligence. Of course, the development of cloud manufacturing also faces many constraints, such as the development of intelligent products, the development of IOT technology, the construction of industrial interconnection infrastructure, the communication protocol of cloud access, the standard of intelligent products, and the boundary delimitation and security control of public cloud, private cloud and hybrid cloud. These problems need to be further studied and solved

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